Nahjul Balagha is an accumulation of 241 sermons, 79 letters, and 489 articulations. According to each new distributed versus past volumes, the quantity of sermons, letters and articulations has changed from 238 to 241, 77 to 79, and 463 to 489, individually.
The book Nahjul Balagha describes from Ali on a wide assortment of subjects including power, religious philosophy, fiqh, tafsir, hadith, prophetology, imamate, morals, social reasoning, history, governmental issues, organization, civics, science, talk, the making of the World, the production of Adam, end of the Universe and the arrival of Imam al-Mahdi.
Nahjul Balagha contains Sermons, Letters, and Sayings of Ameer al-Mu’mineen, the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.).
Nahjul Balagha Authenticity
I love the opinion of an old man more than the determination of a young man; (or according to another version) more than the martyrdom of a young man.
Nahjul Balaaghah, edited and published by Ahlul-Bayt Assembly of America, 1417 AH/1996, p. 273, Sayings 86.
Since the book is a literary work meant to demonstrate Ali ibn Abi Talib’s eloquence, it does not gather all of Ali’s sermons. Instead, only segments deemed to possess greater literary value are included. introduces some of these. An alternative sourcing of the book’s content by Muhammad Baqir al-Mahmudi represents all of ‘Ali’s extant speeches, sermons, decrees, epistles, prayers, and sayings that are found in Nahj al-Balagha. Thus, except some aphorisms, the original source of all the content of Nahj al-Balaghah has been determined.
Nahjul Balagha was compiled by tenth century scholar Sharif Razi, over 300 years after Ali. Until then the sermons had been transmitted orally, between the generations and the wording was therefore open to change and misinterpretation. There is no chain of narration. The last few pages were left empty, Sharif Razi says in case he came across new Sermons; highlighting that Sharif Razi wrote down anything he came across. Sharif Razi did not follow the same level of scrutiny as followed by Hadith collectors therefore Nahj al-Balagha was not regarded as Sahih (authentic or correct) to the level of the Hadith collections.